In the second week of my cartography class, I was tasked to create a reference map of Canada that would be used in a high school social studies textbook. Using Adobe Illustrator, I used point, line, and area symbols to represent geographic features of Canada and created map elements such as a legend, scale bar, and north arrow.
Cartographers strive for an effective visual hierarchy, meaning a system of symbols organized through colour, size, and form, in order to highlight important elements and draw viewer's attention to certain parts of the map.
For example, by using type size, I can show someone the order of political geographic units:
and show you that
The United States
Is of the same political geographic unit (federal) as Canada, but not the featured element, as it is in a colour that does not stand out in comparison to the red of Canadian geographic units.
Here are some skills I picked up through this week’s project:
- Designed a reference map of Canadian on Adobe Illustrator to highlight provinces, territories, and cities through visual hierarchy